Monday, May 28, 2012

Tammuz Yartzeits

1 Tammuz

R' Kalonymus Kalman ben R' Ahron Halevi Epstein of Krakow (1823) was a talmid of the Rebbe Reb Elimelech of Lizensk. He was the first to spread chassidus in Krakow. His sefer, Meor V'shemesh, is one of the essential and most used seforim of chassidus.

R' Shlomo ben R' Meir Noson Halberstam, the first Bobover Rebbe (1905)

R' Yisroel ben R' Moshe Najara, talmid of Arizal, wrote the famous Friday night song, Koh Ribbon Olam. Wrote sefer Lekach Tov. (There seems to be some confusion between him and his father, who I listed yesterday. I'm not sure whose yahrzeit it really is and what date)

2 Tammuz

R' Shmuel ben R' Yechiel of Cologne HY"D (1096) He was killed by the crusaders.

R' Nachman Horedenker ben R' Yitzzchok (1761) Talmid of the Baal Shem Tov and grandfather of R' Nachman of Breslov. For more see Reb Nachman Horedenker - Longing For Eretz Yisroel

R' Avrohom Twersky, the Trisker Magid (1889) He wrote Magen Avrohom and was the son of R' Mordechai of Chernobyl.

3 Tammuz

R' Yissachar Dov Illowy (1814-1871) one of the great Rabbonim who came to the USA in the 1800's. See here for his bio.

R' Yaakov HaLevi Sapir, Rov in Saana, Yemen, author of Even Sapir

R' Yosef Chaim Shneur ben R' Ahron Kotler, Lakewood Rosh Yeshiva(1982)

R' Menachem Mendel ben R' Levi Yitzchok Schneerson (1994), the Seventh Lubavitcher Rebbe. He was the son-in-law of the previous Lubavitcher Rebbe, R' Yosef Yitzchok Schneerson. They are buried right next to each other in Queens, NY, minutes away from JFK Airport. These are probably the most visited kevarim outside of Eretz Yisroel and are accessible 24 hours a day. There is a visitor's center adjacent to the Ohel with a Shul and place for people to sit and have refreshments. See here for information and directions. For those that live too far away you can send a kvitel through their website.

4 Tammuz

Rabbeinu Tam, R' Yaakov ben Meir (1100-1171)

R' Pinchos Halevi Horowitz of Frankfurt (1730-1805) ben R' Tzvi Hirsch of Chortkov. One of the great talmidim of the Magid of Mezrich, together with his brother, the Rebbe Reb Shmelke of Nikolsberg. He wrote Sefer Haflah, Sefer Hamkeneh and Panim Yofos and was the Rebbe of the Chasam Sofer.

R' Yisroel Ezriel Hildesheimer (1820-1899), Rov in Germany, talmid of the Aruch La'ner

R' Eliyahu Lupas (1938), Rov in Yeshiva Porat Yosef, wrote Sefer Imrei Pi and Ben Avichayal

R' Chaim Moshe Mandel, mekubal in Bnei Brak (1996)

6 Tammuz

R' Chaim De la Rosa (1786), Talmid of the Rashash and author of Toras Chochom

R' Moshe ben R' Yaakov Shimshon of Kosov (1855 - 1925) author of Leket Ani

R' Shmuel Majar (1848) Av Beis Din in Yerushalayim and Rosh Yeshiva of Chasidei Beis El.

R' Yisrael Yaakov Algazi (1756) Great Mekubal who lived in Turkey and Eretz Yisrael. He was the Rosh Yeshivah of Neveh Sholom Bris Avrohom and Beis El and was Rov of Yerushalyim

7 Tammuz

R' Boruch Frankel-Tumim (1828), author of Boruch Taam, father-in-law of R' Chaim of Sanz

R' Gedalya Schorr (1979), Rosh Yeshiva in Torah Vodaas, author of Ohr Gedalyahu

R' Simcha Bunim Alter of Ger, the Lev Simcha (1992) son of R' Avrohom Mordechai, the Imrei Emes. Became Rebbe after his brother, the Beis Yisroel, passed away.

8 Tammuz

R' Shlomo ben R' Yehudah HaKohen (1827) Great Mekubal who wrote Yafeh Sha'ah

R' Meir ben R' Eliezer Horowitz of Dzikov (1877) Imrei Noam

R' Eliyahu Manni (1899) Great Mekubal who was Rov of Chevron and wrote Zichronos Eliyahu

9 Tammuz

R' Yekusiel Yehuda ben R' Tzvi Hirsch Halberstam (1994), the Klausenberger Rebbe. See: The Klausenberger Rebbe's Visits to Kivrei Tzadikim.

R' Dovid Lifshitz (1993), Suvalker Rov

R' Yosef Shlomo Dayan (1985) Talmid of R' Mordechai Sharabi

R' Zalman Sorotzkin (1966) Lutzker Rov, wrote Oznaim L'Torah

R' Moshe Chevroni (1975), Rosh Yeshiva of Chevron Yeshiva, Talmid of the Chofetz Chaim and wrote Masaas Moshe.

10 Tammuz

R' Eliezer of Neustadt ben R' Tzvi Halevi Horowitz (1843) grandson of the Chozeh of Lublin

11 Tammuz

R' Tzvi Hirsch of Zhidachov ben R' Yitzchok Issac Eichenstein (1831) See: Reb Tzvi Hirsch of Zhidachov and His Great Brothers

12 Tammuz

R' Yaakov ben R' Asher, Baal HaTurim (1270-1340) son of the Rosh

R' Eliyahu Yosef ben R' Aryeh Leib Rivlin (1805-1865) Taught Chabad Chassidus in Yerushalayim, wrote Ohalei Yosef

13 Tammuz

R' Elchonon Bunim HY"D (1941) ben R' Naftali Beinish Wasserman See: Chosen to be Korbonos

R' Aryeh Leib ben R' Mordechai Halevi Epstein (1775), author of Hapardes

R' Chaim HaCohen Rappaport, Rov of Lvov

R' Mordechai of Kremnitz (1820) ben R' Yechiel Michel of Zlotchov

R' Moshe ben R' Naftoli Hirsch Rivkash (1671), the author of Be'er Hagolah on Shulchan Aruch

R' Chanoch Henoch Dov ben Elazer Rubin (1920), Sassover Rebbe of London

14 Tammuz

R' Yosef ben R' Moshe Trani, Maharit (1639)

R' Mordechai Attiah (1978) Great Sephardic Rosh Yeshiva in Yerushalyim

R' Yaakov Yitzchok ben Yehudah Leib HaLevi Ruderman (1987) Founder and Rosh Yeshiva of Ner Yisroel of Baltimore, talmid of the Alter of Slabodka

R' Yitzchok Issac Rosenbaum, Zutchka Rebbe (2000) son of R' Isamar of Nadvorna

15 Tammuz

R' Chaim ben R' Moshe Ibn Atar, the Ohr HaChaim HaKodosh (1743)

R' Aryeh Leib ben R' Asher Ginzberg, the Shagas Aryeh (1695-1785) One of the greatest minds of his time. The Vilna Gaon said that the Shagas Aryeh was greater than him in nigleh, but not in nistar.

R' Amram Blau, head of Neturei Karta in Yerushalayim (1974) This "Neturei Karta" is not to be confused the one in the news recently. The shita of the real "Neturei Karta" was basically the same as that of the Satmar Rebbe. He fought against the desecration of Shabbos in Eretz Yisroel and was respected by the Chazon Ish and many other gedolim of the time. His brother was R' Moshe Blau of Agudas Yisroel.

16 Tammuz

Chur, son of Kalev and Miriam (1309 B.C.E.) Was killed trying to prevent the making of the Eigel

R' Yitzchok Leonini Azulai, grandson of the Chida

R' Aharon Yosef Bakst, Rav of Shavel, HY"D(1941)

R' Avrohom Yehoshua Heschel ben R' Yitzchok Meir, Kapitchnitzer Rebbe (1967)

17 Tammuz

R' Yehuda ben R' Asher, son of the Rosh

R' Shmuel Yaakov Weinberg, Rosh Yeshiva of Ner Yisroel (1999)

R' Chaim Meir Yechiel ben R' Dov Beirish Shapiro (2007) Naroler Rov who passed away just shy of his 100th birthday

19 Tammuz

R' Yitzchok Issac ben R' Yoel Leib Halevi Herzog (1959), Chief Rabbi of Ireland and Eretz Yisroel, wrote Heichal Yitzchok

R' Eliezer Yehuda ben R' Nosson Tzvi Finkel, Rosh Yeshiva of Mir (1965) His father was the Alter of Slabodka.

R' Yona Stenzel, initiator of Halacha and Mishnah Yomi

R' Bentzion Abba Shaul ben R' Eliyahu (1998), Rosh Yeshiva of Porat Yosef, Great Sephardic tzadik who was recognized as one one of the greatest halachic authorites of his time.

20 Tamuz

R' Nosson Nota Hanover HY"D (1683) ben R' Moshe was a talmid of the Maharshal and author of Yaven Metzula and Shaarei Tzion, a very popular kabalistic sefer of tefilos and minhagim. He was killed by a stray bullet.

R' Avrohom Yitzchak Bloch HY"D ben R' Yosef Leib, Telzer Rosh Yeshiva (1941) Killed by the Nazis y's

R' Avrohom Chaim Noeh (1954) was one of the leading poskim in Eretz Yisroel. His "shiurim" for units of measure are among the most well known, even by those that don't use them. He is the author of Ketzos HaShulchon, Shiurei Torah and Gesher HaChaim.

R' Chaim Shaul Karelitz (2001), nephew of the Chazon Ish, Mashgiach Ruchni of Yeshiva Beis Meir and Talmud Torah Tashbar

21 Tamuz

R' Shlomo Machlama, author of Merkaves HaMisheneh on Rambam

R' Avrohom Mattisyahu ben R' Menachem Nochum Friedman of Shtefanesht (1933)

22 Tamuz

R' Shlomo HaLevi of Karlin HY"D (1792) ben R'Meir was a talmid of the Magid of Mezritch and R' Ahron HaGadol of Karlin, who he succeeded as Rebbe. After his passing R' Ahron HaGadol's son, Reb Asher, became Rebbe.

R' Avrohom Grodzinksi HY"D (1942), Mashgiach Ruchni of the Slabodka Yeshiva

R' Levi Yitzchok ben R' Avrohom Noach Bender (1989) was a talmid of R' Avrohom Chazan and was one of the great Breslov leaders of his time. See here for more and links at the bottom of the page to fascinating excerpts from his sefer.

23 Tamuz

R' Moshe ben R' Yaakov Cordovero, the Ramak (1570) was one of the most famous mekubalim. He studied nigleh under R' Yosef Caro and kabala under his brother-in-law, R' Shlomo Alkabetz. He wrote several seforim, including Pardes Rimonim and Tomer Devorah. The Satmar Rebbe had a kabala from the Divrei Chaim of Sanz that the sefer Tomer Devorah is a segula for the "known disease" – may Hashem save us, and if one isn't able to learn it himself, he should have someone read it in front of him. (It is available in English translation)

R' Gedalia Ahron ben R' Elazar Mordechai Kenig (1980), one of the leaders of Breslov, was a talmid muvhak of R' Avrohom Sternhartz, who encouraged him to establish Kiryat Breslov in Tzefas. His son, R' Elazar Mordechai Shlita, is the current leader of the community. R' Gedalia wrote Chayei Nefesh, on R' Chaim Volozhiner's Nefesh HaChaim, proving that there is no argument between Chassidim and Misnagdim on the principles and foundations of Yidishkeit, as they are beyond dispute. Parts have been translated into English by Rabbis Dovid Sears and Dovid Zeitlin, of The Breslov Center, and are available for download (PDF) - Part 1 and Part 2. They are quite fascinating and explain a lot.

R' Yechezkel Katzenellenbogen, the Knesses Yechezkel (1749)

R' Shaul Moshe Zilberman, the Rov of Viereshov, author of Pardes Shaul

24 Tammuz

R' Yaakov Yosef ben R' Dov (1902), the first and only Chief Rabbi of New York. He was a talmid of the Volozhiner Yeshiva and was known as "Reb Yaakov Charif" because of his sharp mind. He is buried in Queens, NY at Union Field Cemetery. Large crowds go to daven there on the yartzeit, and the cemetery opens earlier and closes later on the yartzeit. The Satmar Rebbe encouraged people to go to his kever. People also go there throughout the year to daven for yeshuos. See here for more on this great leader, who gave his life for Yiddishkeit in the late 19th century.

25 Tammuz

R' Meir HaLevi of Apta ben R' Shmuel (1827), author of Ohr LaShomayim. He was the Rov of Apta after the Ohev Yisroel, who moved to Mezibuz, after sensing that R' Meir was supposed to become Rov of Apta. He was a talmid muvhak of the Chozeh of Lublin. One of his most famous talmidim is the Tiferes Shlomo of Radomsk.

R' Ahron Brachya of Modina, author of Maavar Yabok

27 Tamuz

R' Shmuel Rozovsky, Rosh Yeshiva in Ponovezh

28 Tamuz

R' Elazar of Lizhensk (1806) was the oldest son of the Rebbe Reb Elimelech of Lizensk. He put together his father's sefer, Noam Elimelech, which has several letters of R' Elazar in the back. His sons were R' Naftali of Lizensk and R' Mendel Ber of Pshevorsk and his son-in-law was R' Chaim Meir Yechiel Shapira of Moglenitz.

R' Moshe ben R' Tzvi Hirsch Teitelbaum of Uhel (1841), author of Yismach Moshe, was a talmid of the Chozeh of Lublin. He said he remembers himself in a previous gilgul in Mitzraim and could even describe what the house that he stayed in looked like. He said that when the machlokes of Korach took place he didn't take any sides; he stayed in his tent until the machlokes ended and only then came out, when it was determined who was correct. R' Meshulam Igra said on him: "Moshe Emes v'Toraso Emes". The Sighet and Satmar dynasties descend from him.

R' Shlomo ben Yosef Ganzfried (1886), author of Kitzur Shulchan Aruch See Kitzur Shulcha Aruch online in Hebrew and KSA Yomi.

R' Nachman ben R' Chaim Aryeh HaKohen Kahana (1904) was the Av Beis Din of Spinka. He was the son-in-law of the first Spinka Rebbe, the Imrei Yosef. He wrote sefer Orchos Chaim on Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim.

R' Yaakov Shaul Elishar (1906) Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Eretz Yisroel, the Givat Shaul neighborhood in Yerushalayim is named after him

R' Chaim Friedlander (1986), Mashgiach in Ponovezh (1986) author of Sifsei Chaim

29 Tamuz

R' Yochonan Hasandler, Tanna

Rashi, R' Shlomo ben R' Yitzchok (1105) Interestingly, he was 33 generations from R' Yochanan Hasandlar, whose yartzeit is the same day. See:
How to gain access to Rashi's Chamber in Gan Eden.

Tuesday, May 22, 2012

Shavuos - Torah, Tikun, Segulas and more

Reb Boruch of Mezibuzh says that on Rosh Hashana we are judged on material matters, but on Shavuos we are judged on spiritual matters. (Botzina Dinehora)
It says “ad mochoras haShabbos”, meaning that we have the whole sefira including the 50th day to teshuva and purify ourselves (the word “sapir” can mean purify). And if one can’t purify himself, even on the last day, then he has no choice but to attach himself to the Tzadik Emes, and he will lift him up and purify him. Through his attachment to the Tzadik Emes, he will be able to do teshuva. (Divrei Dovid)

The Magid of Koznitz says: Before the receiving of the Torah the men were commanded in Shemos (19:15) אַל-תִּגְּשׁוּ, אֶל-אִשָּׁה – don’t come near your wives. Male is a “giver” and female is an “receiver”. The Mishana (Avos 1:3) says that we should serve Hashem without any intention of receiving reward. That’s what this alludes to; we shouldn’t be in bechinas isha, in other word an acceptor, wanting to receive reward, but should accept the Torah and fulfill the mitzvas lishma. (Avodas Yisroel)

Segulas for Children
There is a segula for one that wants a son to separate 91 perutahs on Erev Shavuos and then add more till he gets to 104, the gematria of 2 times ben, and then give it to a humble, worthy talmid chacham. (R’ Yaakov Falagi, Father of R’ Chaim Falagi)

Shevuos is a good time to daven for barren woman. It is brought down from mekubolim that when the Mishna in Roshana says that we are judged on fruits of the tree, it refers to children, because man is called a tree and the fruits are the children produced.

Tikkun Leil Shevuos

There is a custom to stay up all night on Shavuos learning Torah. The Arizal and the Shela put together an order of learning called Tikkun Leil Shevuos which many (among them Chida, Yesod Veshores Ha’Avodah and Kav HaYosher) say one should learn Shavuos night, because it accomplishes great tikkunim. The Gra used to do this also. Other’s, however, learn Gemara or other subjects with a chavrusa or listen to shiurim. Although the seforim hakedoshim emphasize the importance of saying Tikkun, it would seem that if one can’t do this that any method of learning is good.

The main thing is that one shouldn’t waste away the time. If one is going to engage in frivolous conversation then it is better to go to sleep, as the Pela Yoetz says “the sleep is good for him and good for the world”.

Arizal says that one who stays up learning Torah Shavuos Night, without wasting time, will live out the year.

It is a tikun for forbidden things one has seen with his eyes. (Pela Yoetz)

R’ Chaim Palagi says that one who awake learning Shavuos night, his Mazel will not sleep, he will clive out the year, will have sons and grandsons that are Talmidei Chachomim, is a tikin for the Shechina and is a tikun for looking at forbidden things. (Moed L’kol Chai)

The Tikun Leil Shavuos of the Rizhiner

Someone was sitting by the Tish of Reb Yisroel of Ruzhin, Shavuos night, thinking to himself that he should really be in the Beis Medrash learning Tikkun Keil Shavuos. The Rizhiner perceived what this individual was thinking with his ruach hakodesh and said the first letters of “tarich lifonei shulchon” (set before Me a table) are the same as Tikun Leil Shavuos. The man understood the message. This story could be understood through another story.

The Rizhiner ate very little, just enough to sustain him. One time, when they were reciting Birchas Hamazon, someone said to his friend that the Rebbe really isn’t allowed to bentch, because he ate less then an olive sized piece of bread. (Torah law requires one to be fully satisfied, but the Rabonon said that one should bentch on even an olive sized piece of bread.) The Rizhiner perceived the thoughts of this man and said that although the general law is that one bentches after eating an olive sized piece of bread, according to Torah law one bentches when they are satisfied on any amount of bread, and he is fully satisfied with a small piece. (I heard something very similar in the name of the Chasam Sofer.) We can see how lofty was the simple eating of the holy Rizhiner, he ate exactly what he needed, with all the proper thoughts. Now we can understand what he meant by saying that “tarich lifonei shulchon” has the same first letters as Tikun Leil Shavuos.

The mikvah of Shavuos morning (for men), shortly before Alos Hashachar, daybreak (some say 15 minutes before; some say 30 minutes before), purifies us from the seven weeks of sefira. There are great tikunim involved. It is the Mikvah of the 50th gate of binah, and of great lovingness and mercy. Mikvah saves from all troubles. (See Breslov Center's article on this and see Likutei Mohoran 56:7 for more on this.)

Sivan Yartzeits

1 Sivan
R' Eliezer David Greenwald of Satmar (1928) author of Keren L'David

R' Yechiel Aharon ben R' Dovid Leifer (2000), the Bania-Nadvorna Rebbe of Tzefas
2 Sivan
R' Yisroel Hager ben R' Boruch of Vizhnitz, the Ahavas Yisrael (1936)

R' Chaim Elazar ben R' Tzvi Hirsch Shapiro of Munkatch (1937), author of many seforim, including Minchas Elazar, Shaar Yisaschor, Nimukei Orach Chaim, and Divrei Torah
3 Sivan
R' Yaakov Shimshon ben R' Yitzchok of Shpitovka (1801) Was considered a great Halachic authority; he is quoted by R' Ephraim Zalman Margolies in Sefer Zera Ephraim. Talmid of the Magid of Mezeritch, Toldos Yaakov Yosef and R' Pinchos of Koritz. Moved to Teveria, where he met Reb Nachman of Breslov. Traveled to Arab countries to collect money for the poor of Eretz Yisroel.

R' Yosef Irgas (1730) Italian Kabbalist, author of Divrei Yosef and Shomer Emunim

R' Yisrael Tzvi of Koson HY"D (1944) ben R' Yehosef , was killed, "Al Kiddush Hashem" in Aushwitz
R' Ovadia ben Avrohom Bartenura, the Rav -one of the most used commentaries on Mishna
4 Sivan
R' Yeshayah Naftali Hertz of Dinov (1885), author of HaNosain Imrei Shefer, son of R' Dovid of Dinov, the son of the Bnei Yisaschar.
5 Sivan
R' Zev Volf ben Reb Shmuel HaLevi of Zhitomir. See: Reb Wolf Zhitomir Does Teshuva For Clapping His Hands
R' Chaim Yaakov Safran of Komarna (1969) Author of Shabbos Sholom U'Mevorach and Beis Avos. He was the son of R' Avrohom
Mordechai of Bureslov. Moved to the USA and the to Eretz Yisroel.
6 Sivan
Dovid HaMelech, Dovid ben Yishai Avdicha Mishichecha

The Baal Shem Tov (1698-1760). Born in the Hebrew year "NaChaS, 5458, on Chai Elul. In the siddur of one of the sons of the Toldos Yaakov Yosef it was handwritten in that he died on the first day of Shavuos.

The Imrei Emes of Ger, R' Avrohom Mordechai Alter (1866-1948). He was the son of Reb Yehudah Leib, the Sfas Emes. Under his leadership, the Gerrer Chassidim grew to number over 100,000. A large portion of them were killed by the Nazis, yimach shemom. The Imrei Emes escaped and rebuilt the Gerrer Chassidus.

R' Avrohom Azriel, Mekubal of Yeshiva Beis El

R' Yehuda Rosner(1944), Imrei Yehuda

7 Sivan

Hoshea ben Be'eri, Navi

Avrohom ben Avrohom , the famous Ger Tzedek of Vilna, originally the son of Count Pototski. His family was a well respected family, but he decided to become a Jew. He was from the same family of Sofia, after whom Sofia Park in Uman is named. He was killed for refusing to give up his newfound religion. The Vilna Gaon offered to save him through the use of Kabbala, but the Ger Tzedek refused. He said he wanted to give his life up "al kiddush Hashem". He also said that the souls of converts were those individuals that wanted to accept the Torah, but weren't able to because the rest of their nation didn't want to accept it.

R' Zelig Reuvein ben R' Tzvi Hirsch Bengis (1864-1953) Av Beis Din in Yerushalaim

R' Shmuel Ehrenfeld of Mattesdorf (1990)
8 Sivan
R' Moshe Nechemia ben R' Meshulam Kahana, author of Shaar Sholom Yerusholayim (1887)
9 Sivan
R' Moshe ben R' Naftal Hirsch Rivkes, author of Be'er Hagolah on Shulchan Aruch (1672)
R' Yisroel ben R' Shmuel Ashkenazi of Shklov (1839) Talmid of the Gra who moved to Eretz Yisroel, Wrote Pe'as HaShulchon
R' Yaakov Chaim ben R' Yitzchak Baruch Sofer (1870-1938), Wrote Kaf HaChaim, for many Sephardim it is the equivilent of the Mishna Berura. The Sefer Kaf HaChaim is used in many other circles as well, and contains many things according to the Arizal.
R' Yitzchak Issac ben R' Yisachor Beirish of Ziditchov (1873)
R' Moshe Asio (1838) Tzadik of Solonika, wrote Higid Mordechai
R' Ahron Ben Azriel (1879) Av Beis Din of the Sephardim in Yerushalaim, Rosh Yeshiva of Beis El, Wrote K'fi Ahron
10 Sivan
R' Elazar Rokeach (1741) ben R' Shmuel Shmelke, Maaseh Rokeach, descendant of R' Elazar of Garmiza

R' Moshe of Rozvadov (1894) ben R' Eliezer of Dzikov

R' Yishmael HaKohen (1811) Zera Emes

R' Ezra Harari-Raful (1936) Syrian Mekubal in Eretz Yisroel
11 Sivan
R' Yechi ben Moshe Levi (1932) Rosh Yeshiva and Av Beis Din in Yemen

R' Yitzchok Yaakov ben R' Yosef Yehuda Weiss (1989), Av Beis Din of Eidah Chareidis in Yerushalaim, his Minchas Yitzchak is one of the most respected halacha seforim of recent times.

R' Yehuda (Yidel) ben R' Alter Yechezkel Horowitz of Dzhikov (1989)

R' Shmuel Rosenberg, Rov of Unsdorf, wrote Be'er Shmuel

R' Shlomo Zalman Bloch (1976) talmid of the Chofetz Chaim
12 Sivan
R' Menachem Mendel of Bar (1765), one of the early great talmidei Baal Shem Tov. See The Disguised Thought of Reb Mendel of Bar

R' Dovid Pardo (1710 - 1792) Author of Maskil LeDovid on Rashi and Chasdei Dovid on Tosefta.

R' Avrohom ben R' Noach Weinberg (1981) Slonimer Rebbe, author of Birchas Avrohom
13 Sivan
R' Ephraim Katz of Vilna (1616-1678), Shaar Ephraim

R' Avrohom Yitzchaki (1729), Tzadik in Yerushalaim, author of Zera Avrohom

R' Chaim Yisroel Morgenstern of Pilov (1905) ben R' Dovid of Kotzk ben R' Menachem Mendel of Kotzk. Wrote Shaelu Shelom Yerushalaim and Maaseh Hamenorah, which are included in Sefer Shearis Yisroel

R' Yaakov Meir ben R' Shlomo Betzalel Biderman (1869-1941) Married into the Gerrer Dynasty, was very involved in Agudas Yisroel. Died in the Warsaw Ghetto.
R' Yitzchok Issac Weiss of Spinka HY"D (1944) ben R' Yosef Meir, Author of Chakal Yitzchok
R' Yaakov Mutzafi (1983), Mekubal & Rov of the Sefardic Eida Chareidis in Yerushalaim
14 Sivan
R' Chaim of Volozhin (1749-1821) Talmid muvhak of the Vilna Gaon, wrote Nefesh HaChaim, Ruach Chaim and Nishmas Chaim. Founded the Volozhin Yeshiva. See here for more and see the Segula from Reb Chaim of Volozhin.

R' Chaim Dovid Amar, talmid of the Ohr HaChaim

R' Moshe ben R' Pinchas Dovid HaLevi Horowitz (1985), Bostoner Rebbe

R' Nissim Chaim ben R' Yaakov Yagen (1999) Tzadik from Yerusalayim who was
very involved in kiruv.
R' Yaakov Yisroel V'Yishurin Rubin of Sasregen HY"D (1884-1944) ben R' Boruch of Gorla, scion of Ropshitz. Murdered in Auschwitz. Wrote hagaos on Shulchon Aruch.
15 Sivan
Yehuda ben Yaakov Avinu (1436 B.C.E.)
R' Yedidyah Raphael Chai Abulafia (1869) Head of Yeshiva Beis El, Yeshiva of Mekubalim in Yerushalayim
R' Sholom Shekalo (1919) Tzadik of the Syrian community of Aram Soba
16 Sivan
R' Mordechai Menachem Mendel ben R' Yisroel Yitzchok Kalish of Vorke, Talmid of the Kotzker

R' Sholom Eliezer Halberstam HY"D of Ratzfort (1944) ben R' Chaim of Sanz

R' Sholom Frischman of Satmar HY"D (1944) ben R' Yosef Areyeh Leibish of Tomashov
R' Boruch Yosef ben R' Yisroel Zak of Kureslov, Kobriner Rebbe of New York (1949) Son-in-law of R' Dovid Tzvi Rabinovich of Kobrin and a descendant, ben acher ben, from R' Yechiel Mechel of Zlotchov. He wrote Birchas Yosef and many other seforim. He is interred in Mount Judah Cemetery in Queens, NY.
17 Sivan
R' Aharon ben R' Asher of Karlin, the Beis Ahron (1872) His grandfather was R' Ahron "HaGadol", the first Rebbe of Karlin.
R' Moshe ben R' Yosef Tzvi Vorhand (1944) Makover Rov, author of Ohel Moshe. He states in his will: "I will surely help whoever comes to my grave and sheds tears, expressing his desire repent. I promise that whoever assists in the tikun of my neshamah, even if he isn't my talmid- how much more so if he is my student- won't depart from this world without doing complete teshuva." I believe he is buried in Hungary.
R' Tzvi Hirsh Broide, Rosh Yeshiva of Kelm
18 Sivan
R' Yisachor Dov Ber ben R' Yitzchok, the Sava Kadish of Radositz (1843). See: Sava Kadisha of Radoshitz on The Significance of a Rosh Chodesh Seuda
R' Avrohom HaKohen Sharantzil Rappaport (1651) He was a wealthy businessman
who was a Gadol in Poland. Served as Rosh Yeshiva in Lvov for over 40 years without pay.

R' Yerucham Levovitz, Legendary Mashgiach of the Mirrer Yeshiva (1936)

R' Ahron Cohen, Rosh Yeshiva of Chevron Yeshiva (1961)

R' Yisroel Zev Gustman (1991), talmid of R' Shimon Shkop, he was on the Beis
Din of R' Chaim Ozer Grodzinsky at age 19. Opened the Netzach Yisroel
Yeshiva in Rechavia, Yerushalayim.
19 Sivan
R' Yehudah Ibn Atar (1733), author of Minchas Yehuda, Rosh Yeshiva in Fez, Morocco, was greatly praised by the Chida in Shem HaGedolim, from the same family as the Ohr HaChaim
R' Shmuel ben R' Mordechai Hominer, author of Eved Hamelech
20 Sivan
R' Yechiel Michel ben R' Elazar of Nemirov HY"D (1648), author of Shivrei Luchos. Killed together with the whole town of Nemirov on the first day of the Tach V'Tat massacres. This is commemorated to this day by some who fast and say slichos. See Chof Sivan for more.

R' Yisroel Dan ben R' Shmuel Eliyahu Taub of Modzitz (2003), author of Nachlas Dan.

R' Elazar Flecklesh, author of Teshuva Me'Ahava

R' Chaim Mordechai Labaton (1869) Lived in Eretz Yisroel, he was the author of Nechach Hashulchan
21 Sivan
R' Shlomo ben R' Elazar Shapira of Munkach (1893) Grandson of the Bnei Yisaschor and grandfather of the Minchas Elazar.
R' Shimon Sofer HY"D (1944) Son of the Ksav Sofer, R' Avrohom Shmuel Binyomin. He was 94 when he was killed in the Holocaust. He was a known as a great talmid chochom, tzadik and miracle worker.
22 Sivan
R' Isamar Rosenbaum (1973), Nadvorna Rebbe, son of R' Meir of Kretchnif

R' Refoel Shlomo Erdit (1833) Rov of Izmir, wrote Shem Shlomo

R' Eliyahu Bechor Chazan (1908) Wrote Talumos Lev
23 Sivan
R' Yaakov Pollack of Lublin (1525), outstanding Talmudist of his age. He was the Rebbe of many of the greatest gedolim of the time.

R' Rafael Tzemach ben Shimon (1780) Rosh Yeshiva of Chesed L'Avrohom

R' Shmuel Tzvi Kovalski (1993) Legendary Rosh Kolel of Sochachov

R' Yehuda Assad (1866), author of Responsa Mahari
Reb Yaakov Yitzchok of Balondov (1882) ben R' Chaim Meir Yechiel of Moglenitz. See: Possessor of the Chozeh's Neshama

24 Sivan
R" Moshe b. Shlomo HaKohen, one of the Baalei Tosafos from Germany

R' Avrohom Salim (1938) Mekubal, lived in Yerushalayim

R' Masaoud HaKohen Elchadad (1927) Head of Yeshiva Beis El of Mekubalim, died at age 107

25 Sivan
R' Shimon ben Gamliel, Tanna, one of the Asarei Harugei Malchus

R' Yishmael Kohen Gadol, Tanna, one of the Asarei Harugei Malchus

R' Chaninah Sagan HaKohanim, Tanna

R' Dovid Mireles, author of Korban Ha'eidah on Talmud Yerushalmi (1762)

R' Boruch Shimon Schneerson, Rosh Yeshiva of Tchebin (2001)

R' Avraham Barzani, Renowned Mekubal

R' Yissachar Dov Lifshitz (1944), Stropkover Rebbe
26 Sivan
R' Yonoson ben Uziel, tanna and author of Targum Yonason ben Uziel

R' Yosi ben Kisma, tanna
R' Yitzchak ben R' Chaim of Volozhin
R' Avrohom Yehoshua Heschel of Moglenitz (1878) ben R' Chaim Meir Yechiel "the Saraph" of Moglenitz. The yahrzeit of his older brother, R' Yaakov Yitzchok of Balondov, was two days ago. See there for more on their lineage.
R' Refoel Yosef ben Robi, author of Derech Hamelech on Rambam
R' Shimon Ashriki (1930), Av Beis din in Yerusholayim
R' Yehoshua Buchsbaum HY"D Rav of Galanta

R' Reuven Fein, Rosh Yeshiva of Torah Vodaas
27 Sivan
R' Chanina ben Tradyon, tanna - one of the Asara Harugei Malchus

R' Meir ben R' Issac Eisenstadt, Maharam Ash, author of Panim Me'iros (1744)
28 Sivan
R' Meshulom Feivish HaLevi Lowy of Tosh (1873) ben R' Mordechai. Talmid of Maharam Ash (yahrzeit was yesterday) and then R' Dovid of Dinov and then became one of the important Chassidim of R' Yitzchok Issac of Kaliv. His great-grandson, the present Tosher Rebbe, who bears the same name, is one of the most respected tzadikim alive today. He has a community, called Kiryas Tash, near Montreal, and people travel to see him from all over the world, in order to receive his blessings. The Tosher Rebbe and his Chassidim are known for their love of all Jews and welcome visitors there with open arms.
R' Avrohom Adadi (1874), Rov in Tripoli, wrote Vayikra Avrohom

R' Shimshon Aaron Polansky, Rov of Teplik
30 Sivan
R' Moshe ben R' Levi Najara (1580), talmid of Arizal , wrote Lekach Tov on Rashi, father of R' Yisroel Najara

R' Chaim ben R' Yitzchok Kitza (1849), Av Beis Din of Irsha, one of the great tzadikim of Hungary

R' Shlomo Kluger (1869) ben R' Yuda Ahron, Rov of Brod, author of Chochmas Shlomo and many other seforim, He was raised by the Dubno Magid.

R' Meir Rosenbaum of Kretchnif (1908) known as a great Baal Mofes and writer of kameyas He was the son of R' Mordechai of Nadvorna