Wednesday, June 6, 2007

Shmiras Einayim - Thoughts, Stories and Segulas

Shmiras Einayim

This week is appropriate to learn about shmiras einayim for several reasons. This past Shabbos,  Parshas Behaloscha, we read about the kindling of the menorah. Likutei Mohoran (21, 2) explains that the face has seven candles, like a menorah, and need to be used properly. Two of the candles are the eyes, which we need to guard from seeing inappropriate things. (The other five candles are two ears, two nostrils and the mouth.) In the coming parsha, Shelach, we have the posuk וְלֹא-תָתוּרוּ אַחֲרֵי לְבַבְכֶם וְאַחֲרֵי עֵינֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר-אַתֶּם זֹנִים, אַחֲרֵיהֶם And you shall not run after your heart and after your eyes, which you will use to go astray. Rashi quotes the medrash saying that "the eyes see, the heart desires and the body sins".

 

The Prohibition

There is a prohibition to look at women dressed improperly, and it is also prohibited to look at even the little finger woman, if done for pleasure. While everyone knows that it is forbidden to look at a woman who doesn't cover everything required by halacha, one has to remember that even if a woman is dressed properly, looking at her for pleasure is completely forbidden. These are not chumras, but simple halacha. Also, if a man has another woman, besides his wife, in his mind, it can cause his children to be like mamzeirim, on a spiritual level. (I didn't want to scare anyone off with what the seforim hakedoshim say happens to one who is not careful with shmiras einayim. For those interested, among other seforim, see Kav HaYosher Chapter 2 who quotes the Zohar on this.)

 

Yetzer Hora Is Stronger In The Summer

Although shmiras einayim is relevant all year, it is even more so in the summer months. Perhaps that's why Parshas Behaloscha and Shelach, where we learn out the aforementioned things, are at the beginning of the summer months.

 

In Parshas Shelach (13, 20) it says וְהַיָּמִים-יְמֵי בִּכּוּרֵי עֲנָבִים the time was of the first-ripe grapes. This is referring to the time when the meraglim (spies) went on their mission. The Chida says in the name of Reb Shimshon Ostropolier that if you take the letter before each letter of עֲנָבם, it spells סמאל, the satan. (We take each letter before because בִּכּוּרֵי עֲנָבִים can be interpreted as "before עֲנָבִים". The Chida explains why the "yud" isn't used here. עֲנָבִים is written many times without a "yud".) The samech mem is stronger than usual in the months of Tamuz and Av, as these months are Esav's months; that's why the incident of the meraglim happened then. (Pnei Dovid)

 

To add to this, Rashi on the posuk וְלֹא-תָתוּרוּ אַחֲרֵי לְבַבְכֶם וְאַחֲרֵי עֵינֵיכֶם  says that the eyes are called meraglim. This fits in well, since we know that shmiras einayim is more difficult in the summer. Just like satan was able to bring about the incident of the meraglim, as written before, so too, he causes the other meraglim, the eyes, to sin, in the summer.

 

Gateway To The Neshama

The eyes are a gateway to the nishama. That's why, interestingly, the eyes are the only part of a human being that gets affected by even the smallest speck of dirt. We all know how annoying and uncomfortable it is when a small hair or speck of dirt gets in the eyes. This helps us understand a little how any speck of "dirt" on the nishama greatly damages it. There is terrible damage caused by looking at improper things. One should not look at the face of an evil person or stare at impure things, but the biggest problem faced is seeing women dressed immodestly or looking at them for pleasure.

 

The Eyes Don't See What The Heart Doesn't Desire

When Reb Ahron, the son of Reb Yehoshua of Belz got engaged, the Governor of the town announced that he was coming with the Governess to congratulate the Rabbi and his son. Reb Ahron asked his father what he should do about having to meet with the Governess, as he might have to look at her. Reb Yehoshua told his son that the Medrash quoted by Rashi (as mentioned above) says that the eyes see and the heart wants, but the posuk mentions the heart before eyes. The reason why this is, the Rebbe explained, because if the heart doesn't desire then the eyes don't see.

 

The Unavoidable and What To Do

One needs to put in his best efforts to avoid seeing the forbidden. The Rebbe Reb Elimelech of Lizensk says the following in Tzetel Koton:

One shouldn't look out of their four cubits, and if one does see a woman he should imagine the name א־ד־נ־י in front of his eyes. (# 5)

If one sees a mokom ervah of a woman he should say the posuk וְלֹא-תָתוּרוּ אַחֲרֵי לְבַבְכֶם וְאַחֲרֵי עֵינֵיכֶם (# 7)

 

After putting in one's best efforts, the best segula against seeing forbidden thing is to daven to Hashem for help in this matter, either in your own words or with tefilos from Likutei Tefilos (P. 641-647 in this version)or other seforim that have tefilos for Shmiras Einayim. Kav HaYosher (Chapter 2) writes that Dovid HaMelech says in Tehilim (119:37) הַעֲבֵר עֵינַי מֵרְאוֹת שָׁוְא turn my eyes from seeing vanity. שָׁוְא is the gematria of שז which stands for שכבת זרע. With this allusion, the posuk reads: turn my eyes from seeing things that can cause שכבת זרע. The Tur in the very first section of Orach Chaim mentions this posuk and says that one should constantly daven that posuk.

 

Walking in the streets of just about any neighborhood, one will come across things he shouldn't see. Reb Moshe of Kobrin says that for the first look, which is unintentional, one doesn't get punished, however if one looks a second time, intentionally, he gets punished for that.

 

The Beis Yisroel of Ger said that if one is walking in the street and happens upon an immodestly clad woman, as long as he keeps going and doesn't think about it he won't be held accountable. (My understanding is that we are not angels and if we see, fine, and move on, not thinking about what happened.)

 

If one has bad thoughts and is able to conquer them, then Hashem has great pleasure from that. If one does find himself thinking about what he saw, instead of fighting a battle trying to extricate the thoughts from the mind, which will only cause them to become even stronger, just think about something else, such as Torah, Avodah or even business, because it isn't possible for two thoughts to occupy the mind at once.(Likutei Mohoran 233)

 

Staying up all night Shevuos, saying Tikun Leil Shavuos, s a tikun for the forbidden things one has seen with his eyes. (Pele Yoetz, Moed L'Kol Chai)

 

Why the Rebbe of Lublin was called the Chozeh

If one has "kosher" eyes he will be able to see lofty things that the eyes normally can't see. (Likutei Mohoran 254)

 

When the Reb Yaakov Yitzchok of Lublin was a student he used to walk with his eyes closed, so he wouldn't see what he shouldn't. People went over to his Rebbe and asked what kind of foolishness this was, but the Rebbe told them to leave Yaakov Yitzchok alone.

 

When he reached of age a fine shidduch was found for him. He did not look at his kallah until the wedding, as he had no need to see her until the wedding. At the wedding, he opened his eyes to see his soon to be wife, and saw a graven image on her face. He immediately told his father that the wedding has to be called off. They were, understandably, very angry at him. The girl supposedly had all the qualities anyone would want. But, he knew what he saw on the girls face and had no choice, but to call off the wedding.

 

From all those years of not looking at anything improper he was able to see things that the regular eye couldn't perceive. The rest is history. He found a proper match and went on to be called the Chozeh, the Seer, because he could see from one end of the world to the other, due to his protecting his eyes from seeing the forbidden.

 

The Woman's Responsibility

This is not the place to talk about tznius-that's a separate issue, but women have to make sure that they dress appropriately, so that they shouldn't cause men to sin by staring at them. If a woman is dressed modestly, and a man chooses to look at her, that's his problem. However, if a woman dresses with immodest clothes, causing men to look at her, then she is causing others to sin. Unfortunately, in recent years, there are stores owned by frum people in frum neighborhoods, selling clothes to frum people that are extremely provocative in nature. There is no need to get into details and these are not chumras by any stretch of the imagination. Enough said.

 

 

Segulas

While it is an obligation not to look at the forbidden and one will get reward in Olam Habah for it, there are segulas brought down from tzadikim, that work when one is careful with shmiras einayim. Here are some, from Segulas HaBaal Shem Tov V'Talmidov:

 

Reb Uri "the Saraph" of Sterlisk says his children will live and will be able to be raised without pain

 

Sefer Yisroel Kedoshim says he will be protected from ayin hora, because ayin hora can only affect one who damages his eyes by looking at the forbidden.

 

Reb Ahron Roth, the Shomer Emunim, says when someone walks on the street and guards his eyes in is considered a very important thing in Heaven. If one walks on a small street and guards his eyes, it is considered as if he learnt a small Mesechta. If he walks on a big street and guards his eyes, it is considered as if he learnt a big Mesechta. (Imagine all that gemara to your credit.)

 

There is a kabalah passed down from the Vilna Gaon, which is also said by Reb Ahron Roth. If one comes across a forbidden sight, and conquers his yetzer hara and doesn't look, it is a shaas rachamim, a time of mercy from Heaven, and whatever one davens for at that time is mesugal to be accepted. Similarly, R' Yehudah Tzadka related that one of big Rabbonim asked Baba Sali why his own tefilos were not answered, but when Baba Sali davened, Baba Sali is answered. Baba Sali answered: "because I guard my eyes and mouth".

 

Encouragement For The Future

Whatever level one is on there is a possibility for improvement. Even if you are one that purposely looks at the forbidden, it is never too late to work on yourself. Reb Nachman of Breslov and others have said that one can never give up, no matter how low he has sunk. There is always a way to return, and the further away you are, the more "enjoyment" Hashem has from it. Imagine that, someone decides to try in some small way to improve his shmiras einayim, and you actually give enjoyment to Hashem. And if you try, and fail, get up and try again and again. The harder it is the more enjoyment to Hashem and you WILL succeed in the end. If one sincerely tries he is helped from Above.

 

For those interested in more on this topic, there is is a sefer called Kedushas Einayim, by Rabbi Toisig, that covers everything having to do with the eyes.

3 comments:

DixieYid said...

Rabbi Zvi Leshem's weekly e-mail drasha is on this topic as well. I'll copy paste it below:

BS”D

SHLACH 5767: STRINGS AND SPIES

Rav Zvi Leshem

Most of Shlach is taken up with the debacle of the treacherous spies who betrayed their holy mission, despising HaShem’s beloved Land and causing Am Yisrael to languish during forty years of desert exile. The parsha closes with the mitzva of tzitzit, white with a thread of techelet blue. Is there a connection?

The meraglim, were sent with the mission of vayaturu et haAretz, to scout out the land.[1] In relation to tzitzit, we are commanded to gaze upon them and to remember and fulfill the mitzvot, v’lo taturu acharei levavechem v’acharei einechem, don’t be led astray by your heart and your eyes.[2] Thus we find the same verb describing both the visual mission of the spies and the warning not to allow ourselves to be led astray by our own hearts and eyes. Rather we are to be guided by the white and blue strings of the tzitzit, symbolizing the love and fear of HaShem.[3] A further hint is supplied by Rashi on our verse, who after making the linguistic connection between the verbs, informs us that the heart and the eyes are meraglim, spies, for the body, intermediaries for sin. The eye sees, the heart desires and the body sins.

On the first day of Chanukah 1888 the holy Radziner Rebbe dyed the first batch of techelet in modern times. His revolutionary work was followed by further research by Chief Rabbi Yitzchak Herzog in the early 1900s and later by a whole group of rabbinic scholars and G-d fearing scientists in the 1980s.[4] Techelet is not only used for tzitzit, but also in the Bet HaMikdash and the priestly garments. Thus the Radziner’s nephew writes the greatness of techelet is so that we will be able to build the Temple before the coming of Mashiach.[5] Therefore it can be no accident that the renewal of techelet comes at the same time that Am Yisrael begins to shake off the dust of the exile and to return to the Holy Land.

Tzitzit are the antidote to the sin of the spies, teaching us proper vision to rectify their improperly motivated and corrupted vision. True rectification is however predicated upon our internalization of the message of tzitzit, to gaze upon them, remembering and fulfilling G-d’s commandments. As Chazal teach us[6] Techelet is similar to the sea, the sea is similar to the Heavens, and the Heavens are similar to Throne of Glory. Thus our contemplation of the techelet[7] should bring us, not only to fear and awe, but ultimately to deveikut, cleaving to HaShem. We all need to work on kedushat h’aeinayim, the holiness of our eyes. When our eyes are sanctified from sinful vision we will be able to really see G-d’s throne when we gaze upon the blue strings. Then we will see the truth, and the spies will have no more power. Shabbat Shalom.

[1] Bamidbar 13: 2. See the Mai HaShiloach Part Two s.v. Vayidaber, Moshe commanded the spies to look deeply at [the Land’s] inner quality. Had they done so they would have seen that the Land is full of goodness, but they looked superficially. The same verb is used in 13: 25, vayashuvu mitur haAretz, they returned from scouting the Land.
[2] Bamidbar 16: 39.
[3] Mai HaShiloach Part Two s.v. vehaya. See also Sfat Emet Shlach 5687-8 s.v. ba’inyan, white and blue equals purity and holiness. There are endless drashot on the symbolism of tzitzit and techelet. See Redemptions p. 187-188. For a lengthy philosophic analysis, see Rav Hirsch, HaMitzvot k’Semalim pp. 77-104.
[4] For a detailed Halachic analysis of all three approaches, see Rav Menachem Burstein, HaTechelet, Jerusalem 1988.
[5] Rav Yerucham Leiner, introduction to Sefunai Temunai Chol, Jerusalem 1997, p. 12.
[6] Menachot 43b.
[7] See Rav Aryeh Kaplan’s Jewish Mediation p. 71-72 regarding meditation on the techelet.

Anonymous said...

We all know that if one is chas veshalmo involved in pigam habris it creates shin daleds but even if one even thinks about something improper without the actual aveira the right side of the brain has a zivug with the left side - chochma with bina and that also creates shin daleds just by thinking. Rachmana Litzlan! We have no choice but to try to improve ourselves because these creatures are can cause of all sorts of problems in our lives such as livelihood, sicknesses etc

Anonymous said...

There's a segulah brought down by the Kav Hayashar in the name of the Chidah, I think its in Perek 72 , to be saved from cheit and is mesugal for all brochos . The segulah is to print a few shaimos on a plate of silver then to cover it(fold over ) and seal it with silver ,then toivel it in a keilim mikvah, and to wear it on ones hand. I've tried it and BH boduk umenusah.(Read inside before doing it to see how to go about it) Rav Yakov Meir Schechter Shlitah from EY said its a good thing to do and so did other grdoilim that I spoke to as well. It costs approx $75-$100 to have an engraver do it for you.
One must be careful to either have the engraver double wrap the silver or be careful not to take it into the bathroom or mikvah.
Hatzlacha iyh